Aviation safety and wind energy

skeyes invests in advanced technologies less sensitive to the effects of wind turbines

skeyes is strongly committed to sustainable development and actively contributes to the development of wind energy in Belgium. Today, the company presented a new set of measures to support the energy transition, including the removal of the protection zone around Charleroi airport, without compromising the safety and efficiency of air traffic.

Cutting-edge technology

In particular, skeyes is replacing outdated technologies with state-of-the-art technical installations that are much more resistant to the potentially negative effects of wind turbines. The new ground radar at Charleroi airport and the removal of the protection zone around it are a further step in this direction. Wind energy projects closer to the airport can now be evaluated and receive a positive recommendation. The technology used will be extended over the entire Belgian territory in the coming years.

The consequences are clearly visible on the map. The radar protection zone disappears completely and a perimeter of 3 km is freed up. Applicants no longer need to provide studies in advance; skeyes will directly handle the analysis.


Action plan
In collaboration with the industry and with the financial support of the federal government, represented by its minister of mobility, skeyes has developed a strategic plan to increase the number of sites where wind turbines can be installed, without compromising air traffic safety.

The main challenge is to remove restrictions related to skeyes' protection criteria, as wind turbines can pose a risk to civil aviation safety by interfering with aviation radars and beacons. Moreover, they increase the risk of collisions near airports.

In line with the concrete measures already taken, skeyes has drawn up a new roadmap that takes into account the priorities and demands of Edora1 and the VWEA2, the two national bodies representing the various actors of the wind energy sector.

These measures focus on three main aspects: the improvement of radar surveillance technology, the transition to satellite navigation and the adaptation of operational procedures.

In terms of improving radar surveillance technology, skeyes is working with Defence to develop a joint roadmap to accelerate the deployment of new advanced technologies.

Interactive map
skeyes also presented the interactive map it is making available to the wind energy sector, which will make it easier for them to consult the protection criteria. The map can be easily integrated into the GIS (Geospatial Information System) and can be downloaded from the skeyes website. https://www.skeyes.be/en/services/urbanism/faq-wind-turbine-consultation-map/

Ground radar
This is not part of the joint surveillance roadmap with Defence, but its installation fits into skeyes' overall philosophy of investing only in cutting-edge technology that is more resistant to the negative impacts of wind turbines.

Johan Decuyper, skeyes CEO: “The measures to create more space for wind energy projects show that skeyes wants to actively contribute to the energy transition. All these investments also have a positive impact on the overall safety of air traffic. The ground radar has many similarities with the future surveillance technology -Wide Area Multilateration or WAM- that skeyes plans to deploy, as it is based on the same technology, where the position of the aircraft is determined by triangulation. This technology will be further deployed in the area in the coming years”.


Georges Gilkinet, Vice-Prime Minister and minister of Mobility: "The war in Ukraine proves once again that energy supply is of great geostrategic and political importance. It is one more reason why the development of renewable energy is important, not just to reach our country’s climate and energy goals. Since February of this year it is also, more than ever, a crucial incentive for our country’s greater energy independence. It is a matter of national security. The federal government has set a goal to increase the production of renewable energy in our country with 1,5 GW; that is why our government has acted on a green proposal to reduce the restricting thresholds for civil and military air navigation beacons and radars to a minimum. A 13,5 million euro budget has been allocated as a supporting measure for technical works, without of course forgetting safety, which always comes first.”









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About skeyes

skeyes ensures the safety and efficiency of air traffic in Belgium 24/7. The skeyes air traffic controllers manage over 3,000 aircraft every day, which makes up over a million flight movements per year. The autonomous public company is active at the heart of Europe, in one of the busiest and most complex sections of airspace of the continent. skeyes is active at Brussels Airport and at the airports of Antwerp, Charleroi, Kortrijk, Liège and Ostend. Thanks to its CANAC 2 control centre skeyes manages the flight movements above Belgium and a part of Luxembourg up to an altitude of 7,500 metres (*). The company relies on its nearly 900 experienced staff members who are at the service of their customers: airline companies, airports, the aviation sector and the authorities. skeyes also develops innovating services regarding drones and contributes to a sustainable future of the aviation sector, among other things with respect to the environment.

skeyes is a member of FABEC, a joint airspace block (Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Germany, France and Switzerland) with the aim of improving air navigation efficiency in the heart of Europe in the framework of the Single European Sky.


(*) The upper airspace of the Benelux countries and North West Germany is managed jointly with the EUROCONTROL centre in Maastricht. 


Tervuursesteenweg 303 1820 Steenokkerzeel Belgium

+32 2 206 21 11